The false identity papers used by Nazi SS leader Heinrich Himmler to try to flee Germany at the end of the Second World War were discovered 75 years after his death.
The false document indicated that Himmler was a sergeant named Heinrich Hizinger and was vital to his capture only a few weeks after the end of the Second World War.
When Himmler received news of Hitler’s death, he traveled to Flensburg where he stayed for the first week in May.
On May 15, 1945, he dismissed his staff and left with two companions for a hiding place in the Harz mountains.
Heinrich Himmler (photo) was the head of the SS, a key Holocaust architect during World War II and was one of the most wanted Nazis still alive after Hitler’s death
When Himmler received news of Hitler’s death, he traveled to Flensburg before hiding in the Harz Mountains. In the photo, Adolf Hitler (left) congratulating Heinrich Himmler (right) in 1943
The three men left on foot, crossing the country, seeking refuge in the woods and sleeping in sheds or haystacks.
Himmler’s group was arrested several times but managed to clear their way until they tried to cross Meinstedt in Bremervörde, in northern Germany, on May 22.
They were asked for their identity papers, which were given to German soldiers at the end of the war and listed their name, rank and date of birth, the BBC reported.
But on the document was an official stamp that British military intelligence had seen used by members of the SS trying to flee the country.
Anyone with this information was to be detained, Himmler was arrested, and the next morning the three men were taken to a detention camp.
False identity papers (photo) used by Nazi SS leader Heinrich Himmler to try to flee Germany at the end of World War II were discovered 75 years after his death
The false documents (photo) indicate that Himmler was a sergeant by the name of Heinrich Hizinger, but an official stamp on the papers, which were known to be used by fleeing Nazis, caused his arrest.
Himmler committed suicide after being arrested and questioned by MI5 officers. A doctor inspected her mouth and tried to remove a cyanide capsule, but Himmler crushed it with her death. In the photo, Heinrich Himmler after his death
Upon arrival, Himmler asked to see a senior officer and, although his cover was still intact, he revealed his true identity.
Himmler was the head of the SS and the Gestapo, a key architect of the Holocaust during World War II, and was one of the most wanted Nazis still alive after Hitler’s death.
British MI5 officials granted him “soft questioning” and Captain Wells, a medical officer, was asked to check on Himmler.
Capt Wells found a blue-tipped object hidden in his mouth and tried to remove it, but Himmler crushed the capsule with his teeth.
It was a cyanide capsule and Himmler was dead within minutes.
The papers were recently donated by Lt Col Sidney Noakes’ grand niece. Noakes (photo on the left) allegedly received the false identity papers and suspenders from Himmler (photo on the right) after being questioned by M15
Himmler was arrested when he attempted to cross Meinstedt at Bremervörde in northern Germany on May 22. In the photo, police chief Heinrich Himmler (left) with Adolf Hitler (right)
The false documents, key to the capture of the Nazis, were given to the Military Intelligence Museum in Shefford, Bedfordshire.
The documents will be on display when the museum reopens and will be seen publicly for the first time in 75 years.
Beside the papers, the suspenders that Himmler wore during his capture were also found.
Most of Himmler’s personal items were recovered by officials, with a sergeant who arrested him taking his slippers, and someone else obtained his shaving foam and razor blades.
The papers were donated by Lt Col Sidney Noakes’ grand niece.
Noakes was a lawyer who joined the Intelligence Corps in 1943 but was seconded to MI5.
His role at MI5 remains a mystery but after the war, he continued his career as a lawyer and died in 1993.
Himmler’s fake documents, keys to the capture of the Nazis, have been donated to the Military Intelligence Museum in Shefford, Bedfordshire, which will display them for the first time. Himmler committed suicide using a cyanide capsule the day after his arrest on May 22, 1945
Noakes is believed to have been part of the anonymous MI5 personnel assigned to interrogate Himmler and could have been authorized to retain the papers by superiors.
No matter how he came across the articles, the papers and the accolades have stayed with the Noakes family so far.
The fascinating documents explain how the senior Nazi was captured – by a stamp used by his own people.
Bill Steadman, curator of the Military Intelligence Museum, said: “ Without this overwhelming stamp on the document, it is possible that Himmler could have passed through the system unnoticed and escaped as many other Nazis wanted.
“What I like most about this story is that the Germans themselves have made his unmasking an absolute certainty.”
HEINRICH HIMMLER: THE ANGEL OF THE DEATH OF THE HOLOCAUST
the The son of a school teacher, Heinrich Himmler was born in Munich on October 7, 1900 and became the architect of the Holocaust and one of the most formidable leaders of the Nazi party.
His first involvement with the Nazis dates back to 1923, and he was their propaganda leader between 1926 and 1930. He was appointed leader of the SS – the Schutzstaffel – a major organization and the personal bodyguard of Adolf Hitler, who became the one of the most powerful organizations under his leadership during the Third Reich. Himmler developed it from a battalion of 290 men to a huge group with his own soldiers.
He became president of the Gestapo (secret state police) after the Nazis came to power in 1933, and established the very first Nazi concentration camp, Dachau, the same year.
Himmler was obsessed with the idea of the Germans as an Aryan race and racial cleansing and encouraged the Aryans to breed only in the special programs he had put in place.
During World War II, after Hitler successfully invaded Poland, he successfully forced more than a million Poles and 300,000 Jews out of the west of the country.
In 1941, Himmler was present during the shooting of 100 Jews by firing squad in Minsk. He decided that witnessing such murders could affect the mental health of his men from the S.S. and said that other methods of genocide should be found.
In 1942 he was accused of controlling “the final solution to the Jewish problem” – the Holocaust. It was given control of the concentration camps, including Auschwitz, and in the spring of this year it was considerably expanded to include the gas chambers. In total, nearly six million Jews were killed by the Nazis during the Holocaust.
When it became clear that the Nazis were going to lose the war, Himmler attempted to negotiate with the Allies and Hitler therefore deprived him of all his functions. After the surrender, he used a false identity to try to escape, but was captured.
He committed suicide while being detained by Allied forces on May 23, 1945, by swallowing a cyanide capsule.